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Old 10-13-2004, 11:02 PM   #1
MrWorkrate
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*Transaction FAQ*

I figured I'd put this together with the pending arrival of the 6.1 update which introduces the "designated for assignment" area. It's a FAQ, so if you can think of any transaction-related question not here, feel free to ask and I'll answer as quickly as possible and add it to the FAQ.

NOTE: Not all these senerios are available in OOTP 6 nor are they exactly followed. This is MLB's rules, gathered from various sites and information (since MLB doesn't seem to like to release it themselves).

--

- What is the 25 Man Roster?

A team's major league roster is limited to 25 players from opening day to September 1st of that season. On September 1st, the major league roster is expanded to 40 players. A player cannot play in the major leagues without being on the 25 man roster.

- What is the 40 Man Roster?

A major league team's 40 man roster consists of an "expanded" major league roster. This allows for teams to sign additional backup players for their 25 man roster and have some sort of roster flexability over the course of a season.

- Must a player on the 25 Man Roster be on the 40 Man Roster?

Yes. Any player on the 25 man roster must be on the 40 man roster as well. However, a player on the 40 man roster does not have to be on the 25 man roster.

- When must a player be placed on the 40 man roster?

A team must place a player on the 40 man roster if he is signed to a major league contract by the club. That player does not have to be on the 25 man roster, but must be placed on the 40 man roster. In addition, any player that the team wishes to place on the 25 man roster must be placed on the 40 man roster. Players aquired via trade or waivers who were previously on the 40 man roster with their previous team must also be placed on the aquiring team's 40 man roster.

- How can a player be removed from the 40 man roster?

A team wishing to remove a player from the 40 man roster places the player on waivers first. If the player clears waivers (no claims are made), the team then outrights the player to the minors. A team can only do this once to a player without the player having a choice. If the team does this an additional time, he can refuse assignment and elect to become a free agent. If a player has 5 years of service time, he can also elect to refuse assignment and become a free agent.

- What happens to a player's contract/salary when they are sent to the minors/outrighted?

When a team signs a player to a major league deal, he is placed on the 40 man roster. If he then is outrighted or otherwise demoted, his contract remains intact unless he elects to become a free agent. If the player elects to become a free agent, if his contract is guaranteed (which MLB contracts are), he will receive the remainder of his contract.

- What about player options? Where do they come into play?

A player who is signed to a minor league contract who later gets placed on the 40 man roster (but not the 25 man roster) is considered to be on "optional assignment". While on the 40 man roster, he can be called up and sent down form the majors and minors for three seasons. These are the player's three option years. These years start immedately once the player is placed on the 40 man roster. After these three seasons have passed, a team needs to place the player on waivers before he can be sent down to the minor leagues. This player is then "out of options".

- What are waivers? Who can claim a player on waivers? What team is responsible for their salary?

A player placed on waivers becomes available to every other team in the league. Teams may place a claim on that player, and in case multiple teams claim the player, the team with the worst record in their league gets the player. If the only claiming teams are in the other league, then the player goes to the team with the worst record in that league.

Claiming teams take over all financial responsibilities of the player claimed, with the waiving team no longer having any financial responsibilities.

- When does a team put a player on waivers?

A player needs to clear waivers (pass through the three day waiver period without being claimed) under the following circumstances:

*The player is being removed from the 40 man roster (outrighted)
*The player is being demoted to the minor leagues from the major league club and is out of option years
*The player is being released

In these senerios, the player is placed on waivers before the transaction can be processed. If the player is not claimed by any team for three days, then the tranaction can take place. If the player is claimed by another team, that player is asssigned to the level he was previously at (25 man roster, 40 man roster, etc). Waivers here are irrevocable, meaning that the waiving team can not change their mind and remove the player from waivers.

A team may also wish to place a player on waivers to trade him after the trading deadline has passed. This waiver period, which takes place from August 1st to August 31st, allows teams to place players on "revocable" waivers for the purpose of being allowed to trade them after the trade deadline. Players who clear waivers during this time can be traded after the July 31st trade deadline that season. However, if a player is claimed during this time, a team has two options. They can pull the player back off of waivers and keep the player, or they can negociate a trade with the claiming team ONLY. If the team does not want to trade the player to the claiming team, they can elect to pull the player back off of waivers and keep him on the roster (revoke the waiver). A team may only do this once to a player a season. If the player is placed on waivers again after having been pulled back, those waivers are irrevocable and the player cannot be pulled back if claimed.

- What's the difference between the 15 day disabled list and the 60 day disabled list (outside of 45 days?)

Players on the 15 day disabled list are still on the 40 man roster. They are removed from the 25 man roster when they're put on the DL, but they retain their spot on the 60 day DL. A player placed on the 60 day DL is removed from the 40 man roster as well. This does not affect a Rule 5 draftee's status with the team. When a player is activated off the 60 man DL, they must be placed back in the same roster status that they were on when they were originally placed on the DL (ie. on the 25 man roster in most cases). Players can be moved from the 15 day DL to the 60 day DL without resetting the time already spent on the DL (ie a player who was originally on the 15 day DL has not played for 30 days. If he is moved to the 60 day DL, he can be activated in 30 days). A player cannot be moved from the 60 day DL to the 15 day DL. Retroactive assignments to the DL are also available for up to 10 days after the player last played. This allows a team to place a player on the DL retroactively a few days previous so that they can be activated more quickly. A retroactive assignment can go back as far as ten days previous, as long as the player did not play at all during that time.

- When is a player designated for assignment?

A player is designated for assignment, he's removed from the 40 man roster for a small period of time while the club figures out what to do with him. A team designating a player for assignment has 10 days to either trade him to another team, outright him to the minors, or release him. The team has 10 days to make the decision, however after those ten days are completed, that player must have some action taken on him, whether it be releasing him, trading him, or assigning him to the minors. Teams wishing to place a player on waivers (either because he needs to clear before being sent down, trading after the deadline, or just attempting to see if someone will pick up his contract) should do so as soon as possible, as three days must be allocated for the waiver process. A player who has been designated for assignment cannot be returned to the 40 man roster (or "undo" the designation) unless he can prove that he was injured, and the player can then be put on the DL. Basically, a player designated for assignment is in limbo for 10 days while the club figures out what to do with him.

- Why are some players called up from the minors, while others have their contracts purchased?

Players currently on the 40 man roster belong to the major league team, so they are just being assigned to a different team. However, a player who isn't on the 40 man roster technically is the possession of the minor league franchise he plays for - not the major leauge team. So when a player is needed on the major league roster, the major league team has to "buy" his contract from the minor league team.

- When can a veteran player refuse assignment to the minors or a trade?

Any player who has five full seasons of service time cannot be assigned to the minors without concent from the player. That player has the option of accepting the assignment to the minors, refusing the assignment to the minors (and therefore forcing the team to release him or keep him on the 25 man roster), or becoming a free agent. If the player elects to become a free agent, he may not be eligible for termination pay. Any player who has ten years of major league service (five of which are with the same team) cannot be traded without the player's concent (the 10/5 rule).

- Can a player be pulled back off of waivers before he has cleared if no team has claimed him yet?

No. A player can only be pulled off of waivers if he has been claimed, and only when the player has been placed on revocable waivers.
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Last edited by MrWorkrate; 10-19-2004 at 12:06 AM.
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Old 10-18-2004, 11:57 PM   #2
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In case anyone wants a set document regarding MLB's actual stand on these rules, see below. I got this from the Toronto Blue Jays. It's a bit confusing, but that's what the FAQ is for. This should also clear up some of the issues.

PLAYER LIMITS: 40 until opening day, when the number must be reduced to 25 until September 1, when it again becomes 40.

TYPES OF WAIVERS

• OUTRIGHT WAIVERS (OR) — this type of irrevocable waiver needs to be secured in order to Outright a player. An outright is to assign a player to a club’s minor league affiliate without the right of recall. In other words, to remove a player from the 40-man roster. Also a player who has exhausted his options must clear this type of waiver if the club wishes to assign him to minor league affiliate. An outright waiver secured is good for entire waiver period. These waivers are needed from the 31st day of the season through August 31.
• SPECIAL WAIVERS (SPL) — also irrevocable, the special waiver is used for the same purpose as an outright waiver. One difference is these waivers are
used from September 1 to the 30th day of the following season. A secured special waiver is good for seven days, as opposed to being good for an entire period like the outright waiver.
• UNCONDITIONAL RELEASE WAIVER (UR) — this irrevocable waiver is used for the purpose of an unconditional release of a player. At the time of the
request the player shall be removed from all player limits. A player may be informed of the clubs intention to release him on a weekend, but the actual waiver process won’t begin until the following business day. During the time a player is on an unexpired waiver request bulletin he may discuss employment with other clubs but may not contract with another club. If the player has been claimed, he must be informed the end of the two-day period that his contract has been claimed. The player has five days from the time he was
notified of the claim to either accept the assignment or terminate his contract. If the player terminates his contract he forfeits termination pay. Termination pay may vary depending on the time of year.
• MAJOR LEAGUE WAIVER (ML) — this type of revocable waiver is common and it is used to either option a player to a club’s minor league affiliate or assign a player outright to another Major league club from August 1st to the end of the regular season. A player claimed on this type of waiver may be pulled back by the requesting club. This is known as a waiver withdrawal.
Generally a club needs to secure this type of waiver in order to option a player if the date of the assignment is three or more years after the date the
player first reported to a Major League club during a championship season. One year shall be deducted from the above three-year period for each season in which the player may have been charged with an option prior to first reporting to a Major League club during a championship season. A claimed player pulled back by the requesting club may not be assigned and cannot be placed on waivers again (except for UR waivers) for 30 days. When ML waivers are asked for a second time in the same period the request shall state that it is irrevocable.

ASSIGNMENT OF PLAYER CONTRACTS:
• Ten and Five Rule: Players with ten or more years of Major League service (MLS), the last five of which have been with one Club, shall not be assignable to another Major League Club without the Player’s written consent.
• When a player with five or more years of MLS is asked by his club to consent to an assignment to the National Association, he has three choices;
1. Accept the assignment, 2. Refuse the assignment, 3. Elect Free Agency
• Any player who has at least three years of MLS and whose contract is assigned outright to a National Association club may elect, in lieu of accepting such assignment, to become a free agent.
• Any player whose contract is assigned outright to a National Association club for second time or any subsequent time in his career may elect, in lieu of
accepting such assignment, to become a free agent. Unlike a player with five or more years of MLS, this type of player does not have the option of refusing the assignment.

OPTIONAL ASSIGNMENT: to assign a player from the active 25-man roster to a minor league affiliate with the right of recall. The player remains on the 40-man roster.

RECALL: to add a player from your reserve limit (40-man roster) to the 25-man roster. This player must serve at least 10 days on option in order to be recalled unless he is replacing a player placed on the disabled list.

OUTRIGHT ASSIGNEMENT:
• MAJOR TO MINOR: to assign a player to the Club’s minor league affiliate without the right of recall. The player is removed from the 40-man roster.
• MAJOR TO MAJOR: to assign a player from one Club’s 40-man roster to another Club’s 40-man roster. This transaction is more commonly known as a trade.

DESIGNATED FOR ASSIGNMENT:
• When a club that has reached it 40 and /or 25 man roster limit, either reinstates a player, or acquires a new player (through a selection, a signing, a trade or a waiver claim); they must designate a player for assignment or release. If they are going to assign the player, they must do it within 10 days.

WAIVER WITHDRAWALS:
• Waiver request may only be withdrawn on players who have been claimed on a Major League Waiver wire. If a player is claimed on a Major League Waiver wire, the request must be withdrawn within two business days or the contract will be awarded to the eligible club. During the two-day waiver withdrawal period the requesting Club can try to negotiate a deal with the eligible Club and make a waiver claim award under the terms of that deal.
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